LIFE is the EU’s financial instrument supporting environmental and nature conservation projects throughout the EU, as well as in some candidate, acceding and neighbouring countries. Since 1992, LIFE has co-financed some 3104 projects, contributing approximately €2.2 billion to the protection of the environment
LIFE+ Nature and Biodiversity supports projects that contribute to the implementation of the EU’s Birds and Habitats Directives, and that contribute to the EU’s goal of halting the loss of biodiversity. The maximum co-financing rate can be 75 percent, but is normally 50 percent.
LIFE+ Environment Policy and Governance supports technological projects that offer significant environmental benefits, for example process or efficiency improvements. This part of LIFE+ also helps projects that improve the implementation of EU environmental legislation, that build the environmental policy knowledge base, and that develop environmental information sources through monitoring (including forest monitoring). Projects can be co-financed up to a level of 50 percent.
LIFE+ Information and Communication co-finances up to 50 percent projects that spread information about environmental issues, such as climate change and conservation. This strand of LIFE+ can also support forest fire prevention awareness and training campaigns.
Some LIFE projects support the implementation of EU water policy, and in particular integrated river basin management (IRBM). They focus on issues such as river habitats and species conservation, river restoration, and river basin management. The Mulkear LIFE project is one such project.